Resources for Consumers

Town of York, Plastic Bag Ordinance:
Questions and Answers for Consumers (pdf)

How You Can Reduce Plastic Bag Waste

1. Skip the Bag. How often do you walk into a store for one item and the clerk automatically pops the item into a full size plastic bag? Ask yourself, do I really need the bag? If not, it's OK to ask them to keep the bag.

2. Use Reusable Bags. We all have to shop for groceries. The best solution here is to bring your own bags. They are stronger and tend to hold more so you have fewer bags to bring into your home. Check out our Bags page for some online sources for great reusable bags.

3. Ask for Paper. While producing paper bags consumes more energy than plastic, paper is less of a problem in waste management systems and biodegrades faster. Paper bags can be recycled curbside in York.

4. Recycle. Plastic bags and thin packaging are not allowed in York curb side recycling bins. However, you can drop them off at the York Hannaford store and other area plastic bag and packaging recycling locations.

Ways to help you remember to bring your reusable bags:
  • thinking frogKeep your reusable shopping bags in your vehicle where you can see them.
  • Remember that unloading your groceries is not complete until the bags are back in the car.
  • Keep a spare bag folded up in your purse, briefcase, backpack or glove compartment.
  • Add "Bags" as the first item on your shopping list.
  • Hang your reusable bags with your keys or on the door knob to garage.
  • Stick a note on your dashboard, "Do I have my bags?"

Keep trying. A new habit can take a while to become routine but, you will feel so good when you do it!

Resources for Consumers

The York Bag Ordinance — Questions and Answers for Consumers

red lined plastic bagQ. What is the York Bag Ordinance?
A. In November 2015, York voters approved a new town ordinance entitled: SINGLE-USE PLASTIC CARRY OUT BAG ORDINANCE. In short, the ordinance prohibits distribution of single-use plastic carryout bags from all retail establishments. While paper carryout bags will be allowed, the intent is to encourage the use of reusable bags.  The ordinance begins to take effect on March 3, 2016.

Q. Why are plastic bags a problem?
A. Thin-film plastic bags have become the dominant carryout bag because of their low cost and convenience. Even when properly disposed of they frequently blow away, becoming unsightly litter.  They cannot be recycled in curb-side programs, so only a very small percentage of them get recycled at all.  Coastal communities like York are both specially impacted and particularly responsible for addressing these impacts.  These impacts include, but are not limited to: contributing to the death of marine animals through ingestion and entanglement; contributing to pollution of the land and marine environment; imposing an unnecessary burden on our solid waste management; clogging storm drainage systems; and requiring the use of non-renewable fossil fuels for manufacture. Learn more at

Q. Are all plastic bags banned?
A. No. The only kind of bag that is prohibited is the thin-film plastic bag with integral handles.  These are seen most often at the checkout counter in supermarkets and pharmacies as well as many other retail establishments.  The ordinance does not apply to plastic bags without integral handles, or of substantial thickness (over 3 mils thick), such as:

Q. What York businesses are affected by the ordinance?
A. Any commercial enterprise engaged in the sale of food or merchandise including but not limited to grocery and convenience stores, markets, pharmacies, restaurants, take-out food purveyors, seasonal and temporary businesses and other merchandise retailers. Nonprofit and religious organizations are not considered retail establishments.

plastic bag with Thank You for Not Using Me textQ. Aren’t plastic bags recyclable?
A. Yes, but not easily.  They cannot be put into town curbside recycling bins and therefore only a small percentage of these bags actually get recycled. In addition, the value of the recycled bags is small in comparison to the cost to process them so most still wind up in landfills. All thin films and bags, including bread bags or newspaper bags, are still recyclable at both Hannaford and Rite Aid.

Q. What’s the alternative – paper bags?  Aren’t they as bad as plastic bags?
A. Like plastic bags, paper bags are not designed for repeated use and require energy and natural resources to produce and transport.  They have a heavy impact on the environment. Unlike plastic bags, however, paper bags are easily recycled curbside and do not recirculate through the environment.  The best alternatives are reusable bags which can be used repeatedly for years.

Q. How will this ban affect me?
A. Effective March 1, 2016, York stores may offer alternative types of bag including paper or reusable bags. You may, of course, bring your own reusable bags.  Plastic bags, sized and designed for household uses such as waste can liners or pet waste, remain available for purchase in stores and online. Sources of “free” bags for pet waste are: empty newspaper bags, bread bags, frozen food bags, produce bags, used food storage bags, etc.

Q. Why is Getting Rid of Single-use Plastic Bags a Good Thing?

The Town of York strives to conserve resources, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, waste, and litter and to protect the public health and welfare, including wildlife, all of which increase the quality of life for the Town’s residents and visitors.  The York bag ordinance is one example of the citizens of York valuing the quality of our environment.